Scythian art collection in the Budapest Museum.
The Scythians were nomads who lived on the vast prairies of Kazakhstan, Southern Russia and Ukraine from about 700BC to 300AD, they spoke an Iranian language they were known for their horsemanship and archery skills. The gold jewelry that has been found in their tombs is amazing, also the oldest surviving carpet in World was found in one of their tombs, it was manufactured about 2,700 years ago. The carpet is on display at a Russian Museum.
The ancient Greeks did business with the Scythians and this is where the legend of the Amazon women warriors came from. In reality it was no legend, Scythian tombs have been found with women buried with their armor and weapons. Cyrus the Great the founder of the Persian Empire was killed in a battle with one of the Scythian tribes and the Scythians were led into battle by their Queen.
In 612 B.C. the Babylonian army with allied armies of Medes and Scythians captured the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. It was pillaged and burned, and then razed to the ground so completely that it was never rebuilt and the Great Assyrian Empire was wiped from the face of the Earth that day as prophesied in the Bible..
The Scythian capital of Gelonus was reached by the Persian army of Darius in his assault on Scythia during the 5th century BC, already burned to the ground, the Scythians having abandoned it before the Persian advance. The Scythians sent a message to Darius: "We are free as the wind and what you can catch in our land is only the wind". By employing a scorched earth strategy, they avoided battles, leaving "earth without grass" by burning the steppe in front of the advancing Persians. After advancing all the way to the Volga river, the Persian army returned home without a single battle or any significant success.
Some scholars, before the 20th century, thought that the Scythians were Turkic/Mongolic People. Some Scythian tribes did live in Mongolia in the 5th and 6th centuries B.C., but were not Mongolian. The 2,500 year old frozen mummy of a Scythian warrior, is a 30-to-40 year-old man with blond hair and blue eyes, and was found in the Altai Mountains in Mongolia.
One Scythian invention is still with us today, men's pants.